working on this page and
seeking suitable images
The War of
to 1485, England was divided between two families
fighting for control of the throne. The two
families were the House of York and the House of
Lancaster. Each house was represented by a rose.
The House of York used a white rose, and the
House of Lancaster used a red rose. The division
between the two families became known as The War
of the Roses.
The War of
the Roses ended when Henry VII (representing the
Lancaster family) and Elizabeth of York
(representing the York family) were married. This
marriage united the two families, and Henry VII
became the first Tudor King of England.
|Left: The Tudor Rose and
Crown From Flowton
Priory. Centre The
Union Rose. Right Cherubs with Rose. This
fine old privately owned manor house
required a large proportion of new
windows to be made to complement the
surviving stained glass of medieval and
The Tudor family is represented by
the Tudor Rose. It is a rose which combines both
a red and a white rose. The Tudor Rose symbolized
the union between the red rose of the House of
Lancaster and the white rose of the House of
of the two families was reaffirmed when the son
of Henry VII and Elizabeth of York became King.
This King was Henry VIII. Henry VIII's coronation
stabilized the throne in England. He was a strong
king and ruled for many years
What is the
significance of the poppy and when is it worn?
is traditionally worn on Remembrance Day in
memory of service personnel who lost their lives
in the First and Second World Wars and subsequent
conflicts. The red poppies represent the poppies
that grew in the cornfields of Flanders in the
First World War where many thousands of soldiers
lost their lives. The paper poppies that are worn
today are made by ex-service personnel and are
sold by representatives of the Royal British
Legion, an organisation of ex-servicemen and
Day falls on the nearest Sunday to 11 November
the day peace was declared. The day is
commemorated by church services around the
country and a parade of ex-services personnel in
Londons Whitehall. Wreaths of poppies are
left at the Cenotaph, a war memorial in
Whitehall, built after the First World War.
tradition, at 11.00am on Remembrance Sunday a two
minute silence is observed at the Cenotaph and
elsewhere in the country to honour those who lost
their lives. In recent years, a two minute
silence has also been observed at 11.00am on 11
Britains national flowers?
national flower of England is the rose. The
flower has been adopted as Englands emblem
since the time of the Wars of the Roses
civil wars (1455-1485) between the royal house of
Lancaster (whose emblem was a red rose) and the
royal house of York (whose emblem was a white
regime ended with the defeat of King Richard III
by the future Henry VII at Bosworth on 22 August
1485, and the two roses were united into the
Tudor rose (a red rose witha white centre) by
Henry VII when he married Elizabeth of York.
national flower of Northern Ireland is the
shamrock, a three-leafed plant similar to clover
which is said to have been used by St. Patrick to
illustrate the doctrine of the Holy Trinity.
Scottish national flower is the thistle, a
prickly-leafed purple flower which was first used
in the 15th century as a symbol of defence.
flowers rose, thistle and shamrock
are often displayed beneath the shield on the
Royal Coat of Arms.
national flower of Wales is usually considered to
be the daffodil, which is traditionally worn on
St.Davids Day. However, the humble leek is
also considered to be a traditional emblem of
Wales, possibly because its colours white over
green, echo the ancient Welsh standard.